who invented the atomic battery:- Hello Friends welcome to this new blog. In this blog you come to know about Who invented the atomic battery and what purpose does it serve. A radioisotope generator, also known as atomic battery, atomic battery or tritium battery, is a device that uses the decay of radioactive isotopes to generate electricity.
The batteries are more expensive than other batteries, But they can last longer and have a higher energy density which helps generate electrical energy more efficiently. But do you know who is that great and intelligent person who invented this atomic battery?
If you do not know who invented atomic battery? So please read this blog till the end because in this you will get Who Invented Atomic Battery? Apart from this, many other good and interesting information will also be found. So Let’s Know Who Invented Atomic Battery’s.
what is atomic battery?
A atomic battery is an apparatus that uses the energy released during the radioactive decay of isotopes to produce electricity. atomic batteries do not entail chain reactions, in contrast to nuclear reactors. Although they are often more expensive than other battery kinds, they are better suited for usage in severe situations due to their extended lifespan and increased durability.
They are commonly used in pacemakers, underwater equipment, spacecraft, and remote space stations. The isotopes used in atomic batteries typically generate low levels of beta particles and alpha particles, and include Nickel-63, Tritium, Technetium-99, Promethium-147, Curium-242, Plutonium-238, Strontium-90, and Curium-244.
Who invented the atomic battery?
Who invented the atomic battery :- atomic batteries are around since 1913, when physicist and scientist Henry Moseley created the first radiation beam from a charged nuclear particle. However, there was a frenzy of study in the field for experiments requiring long-lasting power sources for space applications throughout the 1950s and 1960s.
And in 1954, RCA started working on a tiny atomic battery for hearing aids and small radio receivers. Numerous types and techniques have been developed since RCA’s initial research and development in the early 1950s to get electrical energy from nuclear sources.
Although the underlying scientific concepts are widely understood, contemporary advances in wide-bandgap semiconductors and nanoscale technologies have led to the development of novel devices and intriguing new physical features.
By energy conversion technique, atomic batteries may be divided into two primary categories: thermal converters and non-thermal converters. Some of the heat created by radioactive decay is converted into electricity by thermal types. The radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG), which is frequently utilised in spacecraft, is the most known example. Before the radiation is converted to heat, non-thermal converters take the energy straight from the emitted radiation.
They are suited for use in small-scale applications since they are simple to miniaturize and don’t need a thermal shield to function. The beta voltaic cell is the most prominent example. The efficiency of atomic batteries is generally between 0.1 and 5%. Beta voltaic technology with high efficiency can achieve 6-8% efficiency.
The Science behind the Atomic Battery
By capturing the energy released during nuclear decay, atomic batteries function. The fundamental idea is straightforward: a radioactive substance is put inside a container, and as the substance decays, it releases energy in the form of heat or light. A thermoelectric or photovoltaic converter is then used to transform this energy into electricity.
The long shelf life and high energy density of atomic batteries make them preferable to conventional batteries. Traditional batteries need to be replaced frequently because of their short lifespan. On the other hand, atomic batteries have a long lifespan and don’t need to be changed very often. Atomic batteries can also store more energy in a smaller amount of space than conventional batteries because they have a much higher energy density.
The cost and safety issues associated with atomic batteries are among their drawbacks. Atomic batteries require expensive materials, and the science behind them is still in its infancy. The handling and disposal of radioactive materials are also fraught with safety issues.
How atomic Batteries Work properly?
Conversion in a atomic battery are of two types:
These emissions may result in an imbalance that enables current to flow over the load and power generation. There are two ways to transform radiation that is degrading into usable electrical energy:
- Thermal Converters
- Non-thermal Converters
Advantages of atomic battery:
|Long lifespan||Nuclear batteries have a long lifespan compared to other types of batteries.|
|Durable and reliable||Nuclear batteries are suitable for use in harsh environments and are reliable.|
|High energy production||Nuclear batteries can produce a large amount of energy.|
|Low waste production||Nuclear batteries produce very little waste.|
|Low greenhouse gas emissions||Nuclear batteries produce very little greenhouse gases.|
|Uses waste from nuclear fission as fuel||Nuclear batteries use waste from nuclear fission as fuel.|
|High energy density||Nuclear batteries have high energy density.|
Disadvantages of atomic battery:
|High initial cost||Nuclear batteries are generally more expensive than other types of batteries.|
|Limited advancement in energy conversion methods||The methods of energy conversion used in nuclear batteries are not as advanced as other technologies.|
|Unpopular due to public fear of nuclear technology||Nuclear batteries are not widely accepted by the public due to fear of nuclear technology.|
So friends, in today’s post I told you who invented the atomic battery. If you like this article written by me, then please share it with your friends.